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Ultrasound in physiotherapy uses compression and expansion of cyclic frequency waves between 1 and 3 MHz (megahertz or million cycles per second), although frequencies between 700 and 33000 hertz used. The maximum absorption in soft tissues varies in the range of 2 to 5 cm, and the intensity decreases when waves penetrate deeper. They are primarily absorbed by the connective tissue: ligaments, tendons, fascia and tissue cicatrización.2

The benefits of ultrasound in this area are of two

types: thermal and non-thermal. Thermal effects are due to heating by absorption of sound waves. Non-thermal effects are due to cavitation, and acoustic microinducción induction. Cavitation results from the production of microscopic air bubbles, which transmit vibrations so that stimulate cell membrane. This physical stimulation appears to improve the ability of cellular repair in response to inflamaciones.3

Ultrasonic physiotherapy treatment is usually recommended for muscle and articulaciones.4

We must also stress that their use is analgesic, regenerative, anti-inflammatory, and wave rebound picks up 100% bone, we must be very careful in applying this method, because of the complications that this entails, more concern in women and children, who like all physical rehabilitation agents can produccir mutations in cells of the human body (by altering the cells and getting to alter some types of tumors), which is why this type of equipment must be used exclusively by highly trained professionals to avoid all the complications that entails both patients and those who aplican.5

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